Corporate default or bankruptcy do not happen overnight. There is a sequence of events such as layoffs, legal/ regulatory issues and management change leading to default or bankruptcy.
In our view, unstructured data sets such as news is an important piece of information that can detect such a sequence of events prior to default.
Our hypothesis is that deep-dive analytics on news data can capture the pre-default behavior of corporates. At the same time, it can also help banks to identify distress corporate borrowers ahead of time.
To test our hypothesis, we analyzed news data for 12 US-based oil and gas exploration & production companies which went bankrupt in the past 2-years.
Here, we present one such case of SandRidge Energy Inc which filed for bankruptcy protection in May 2016. Read the rest of this entry »
99% of companies with significant promoter share pledging witnessed deterioration in financials: FiND Study
Recent fraud at Punjab National Bank (PNB) worth Rs 145 billion has once again brought to the fore the inadequate risk management in the Indian banking system. There is no denying that banks need to strengthen their existing risk management systems to avoid such frauds and arrest alarming rate of growth in stress assets.
There is a plethora of actionable data available on the web which can not only help banks be vigilant on a particular borrower but also help decide whether to increase the credit limit to a certain borrower. One such data set is promoters’ pledged shares holding, which can be consumed in risk assessment of corporate borrowers.
In our view, substantial pledging of shares by the promoters is a potential red-flag as it is an indication of the stress that has piled up on corporate finances. Moreover, a significant drop in the company’s share price may result in the invocation of pledged shares. This may also lead to loss of management control for the promoters.
At the same time, red flags related to promoter pledged shares can act as a leading indicator to the deterioration in the company’s financial performance. To test this hypothesis, we back-tested our business rule output to find out companies with a significantly higher percentage of pledged shares for the December 2016 quarter. We applied the below-mentioned rule to identify such companies:
Promoter’s pledged shares % is more than 50% of total promoter shareholding
Our system identified 269 companies meeting the above rule for the December 2016 quarter. As a next step, we checked if there is any deterioration in the financial performance (captured by FiND Financial Risk score) for these 269 companies post-December 2016 quarter.
We found that: 99% of companies witnessed a deterioration in Financial Risk score in the subsequent quarters. Read the rest of this entry »
Cadila Healthcare secured the highest number of ANDA (abbreviated new drug application) approvals among Indian pharmaceutical companies during the past nine month period.
The country’s fourth-largest drugmaker by market cap has received 70 ANDA approvals in the current financial year (Image 1). Out the total, 21 ANDA approvals were received by the company during the previous quarter.
The drug makers are required to obtain ANDA approval from the FDA to manufacture and market the low-cost generic alternative to the brand-name drug in the US market.